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Items filtered by date: December 2017
Wednesday, 27 December 2017 19:07

Take Care of Your Arthritis

Arthritis in feet can cause long term issues with painful results. Our podiatrists Dr. Jeffrey Idol, DPM, Dr. Judith Olkaba, DPM, or Dr. Ruth P. Devadas, DPM, can help to treat this condition at the Family Foot Care of Southern Maryland, located in (Owings (410) 257-2242, Lexington Park (301) 863-6601, LaPlata (301) 934-3345 and Huntingtown (410) 535-1719).

Arthritis can cause pain in the feet and ankles as you age. If it is not timely treated, the nagging pain can grow into something very severe. Arthritis is a condition that destroys the mechanisms of a joint and is a wear and tear of the cartilage that results in inflammation of the joint. Severe arthritis can stop your mobility from behaving normally. However, with the right treatment, arthritis can be slowed down so that it doesn’t hurt you early in life. Severe traumas that lead to broken feet or a torn ligament can cause the joint to develop arthritis in the future. Symptoms of this condition varies by the type, but generally include pain, stiffness, swelling and a reduction in mobility.

Treatment options include:  

  • anti-inflammatories
  • medications to relieve pain
  • orthotics
  • specially made shoes that have a comfortable fit that allow for swollen feet to move
  • padding
  • braces
  • physical therapy
  • loss of weight to help reduce pressure on the injured joints

Surgical options include arthroscopic surgery which helps in the early stages and uses a small instrument to insert into the joint to remove any foreign elements in the joint that are not supposed to be there. Fusion surgery on the other hand involves fusing of the bones with pins or screws. Lastly, joint replacement surgery involves the complete replacement of the ankle joint with implants. This form of surgery is only used in extreme cases.

This condition may form slowly, but it can have lasting implications. To avoid huge issues with your foot and ankle health, please contact us to today to help develop a treatment strategy that can alleviate the pain from your arthritis and let your joints move freely.

Published in Blog
Thursday, 21 December 2017 19:09

Flat Feet Do Not Arch Well

Flat Feet can cause pain and complications because it takes away the arch in your feet. Our podiatrists Dr. Jeffrey Idol, DPM, Dr. Judith Olkaba, DPM, or Dr. Ruth P. Devadas, DPM, can help to treat this condition at the Family Foot Care of Southern Maryland, located in (Owings (410) 257-2242, Lexington Park (301) 863-6601, LaPlata (301) 934-3345 and Huntingtown (410) 535-1719).

Flat feet happen when there is a problem with the tendons in the foot. Since tendons are supposed to tighten and allow arches to develop with age, when they don’t form as children from 2 or 3 years old or as an adult, there can be lasting complications such as frequent lethargy. The foot hits the ground without any tendon support and the full surface area of the sole is exposed to pressures that can cause significant pain. Tight or narrowly fitting shoes can cause this condition if it’s not genetic since they may cause the arch to respond in an unnatural manner. In fact, this condition may occur late in life even if the arch initially formed correctly. Treatment options include medicines to reduce inflammation or custom orthotics. Children can have foot or ankle pain when they have flat feet and should therefore be checked by a doctor if this occurs. Symptoms of this condition during adulthood can include tired feet after standing or playing sports for extended periods of time. Those with this condition may experience a sluggish or painful feeling in their feet after high intensity activities for long periods of time due to looseness in their arches.

This condition can occur because of aging, obesity, diabetes or severe traumas. Methods of prevention include properly fitting shoes, physical therapy, rest, walking barefoot and weight loss. When not treated timely, pain can travel up to the legs and into the back. This condition can eventually lead to severe pain in surrounding muscles, joints or tendons. Since this condition can cause severe pain if not treated timely, please contact us to help your feet develop an arch and put an end to the flatness in you step!

Published in Blog
Friday, 15 December 2017 14:49

Achilles Tendonitis Inflames Your Tendons

Achilles Tendonitis can cause pain and swelling, leading to an uncomfortable situation. Our podiatrists Dr. Jeffrey Idol, DPM, Dr. Judith Olkaba, DPM, or Dr. Ruth P. Devadas, DPM, will assist you with alleviating your pain from this condition at the Family Foot Care of Southern Maryland, located in (Owings (410) 257-2242, Lexington Park (301) 863-6601, LaPlata (301) 934-3345 and Huntingtown (410) 535-1719).

The Achilles tendon connects the calf muscles to the heel bone and is important when jumping, walking or standing on the ball of the foot. The two types of Achilles tendonitis are insertional and non-insertional. Insertional irritates the lower tendon portion and non-insertional implicates the middle portion of the tendon. This condition is generally brought about by constant, high intensity activities that result in swelling. Although this can happen frequently in athletes, it can also be caused by arthritis or infections. Additional causes include:

  • Exercising without warming up, damaging the calf muscles.
  • Wearing poorly fitting foot wear such as high heels.
  • Bone spurs on the back of the heel.

When experiencing this condition, there will be pain and inflammation at the back of the heel, tight calf muscles, hindered mobility and a warm feeling when pressure is applied. Treatments for this condition include getting plenty of rest or using anti-inflammatories to reduce swelling.

When these methods aren’t successful, especially because of a failure to provide timely treatment, surgery may be necessary. Tendon rupture surgery may be used to cut open the leg above the heel bone to sew the ruptured tendon back together. Another method involves cutting the leg open again and using needles to stitch through the tendon and back out. These procedures can have significant benefits as far as repairing the tendon. Recovery for these procedures could take up to 3 months.

Since surgery should be avoided unless necessary, it is highly important that you get prompt treatment to prevent complications from arising. Therefore, please contact us now so that we can strive to reduce your pain and provide you with a long-term treatment plan to help ensure that you don’t experience this condition again!

Published in Blog
Friday, 08 December 2017 18:41

Hammertoes Mean Business

Hammertoes can really hammer into your feet due to the deformities and long term hinderance to routines that they can cause. Our podiatrists Dr. Jeffrey Idol, DPM, Dr. Judith Olkaba, DPM, or Dr. Ruth P. Devadas, DPM, can help to provide quality treatment so that you can overcome your hammertoes at the Family Foot Care of Southern Maryland, located in (Owings (410) 257-2242, Lexington Park (301) 863-6601, LaPlata (301) 934-3345 and Huntingtown (410) 535-1719).

A hammertoe is a toe that’s been misshaped because it has bent upwards at the middle of the joint. When a muscle in the toe does not work correctly, it can cause pressure on the tendons and toe joints. Therefore, a hammertoe forms as the toe stays bent.

This condition can form from the following:

  • Poorly fitting shoes
  • Arthritis
  • Genetics
  • Trauma

Methods of preventing this condition involve wearing properly fitting and comfortable shoes with extra room for toes (preventing them from being bent from narrow fitting shoes), refraining from wearing high heels (making use of low heel shoes helps to lower the amount of stress placed on toes as they are no longer being pushed against the front of the shoe or stretching toes to keep tendons relaxed. When surgery is required:

-          A flexible hammertoe can be straightened with a tendon transfer which is comprised of rerouting tendons from the bottom to the top of a toe which forces the bent joint straight.

-          A fixed hammertoe is stiff and surgery would favor cutting ligaments and tendons to straighten the toe, removing the end of a bone to straighten it and utilizing pins to keep the toe in a straightened position, which can be removed later on after it heals. Fusion may also be another form of surgical procedure by cutting the ligaments, tendons and bone to strengthen the toe and the use of implants to keep it in that position until it heals.

Hammertoes can cause your toes to get severely deformed if not treated in a timely manner, causing deformities and significant pain. Please contact us as it is imperative that you take proactive steps to ensure your toes stay straight!

Published in Blog
Friday, 01 December 2017 16:12

Bone Spurs in the Heel are Serious Business

Bone spurs can affect many areas of the body, including the heel. Our podiatrists Dr. Jeffrey Idol, DPM, Dr. Judith Olkaba, DPM, or Dr. Ruth P. Devadas, DPM, have the requisite experience in treating this condition and can help if you take the opportunity to visit us at the Family Foot Care of Southern Maryland, located in (Owings (410) 257-2242, Lexington Park (301) 863-6601, LaPlata (301) 934-3345 and Huntingtown (410) 535-1719).

A Bone Spur is actually a bone growing outwards along the edges of a bone. They occur in joints (where bones join), muscles, ligaments or tendons. This condition happens because of constant friction of the bone for a long period of time and can be caused by plantar fasciitis which is an inflammation of the fascia on the foot’s bottom where it attaches to the heel. Generally, cartilage lines the edges of bones at the joint, but with this condition, the cartilage layer is worn down or damaged and new bones form in response to the resulting swelling to try and stabilize it.

This condition may occur more readily for those who sustained severe trauma, such as in an accident, by overusing the joint or by genetics due to family hereditary traits. Treatment for this condition involves:

-          The use of anti-inflammatories to ease pain and to decrease swelling.

-          Physical therapy to reduce and strengthen muscles to increase mobility.

-          Steroid injections into the joint to reduce pain.

-          Appropriate shoe inserts or custom orthotics that can be of great use redistributing. pressure away from the heel where the bone spurs are present.

When these methods are not successful in satisfactorily treating this condition, a surgical procedure may become necessary to remove the bone spurs. This will ensure a more ordinary joint mechanism and will help alleviate pressure on the surrounding tendons, ligaments and nerves. When this condition has not been timely treated, a much larger procedure replacing the joint may become required.

So, please contact us when you have a chance to help get your bone spurs under control and to let your heel hit the ground with confidence!

Published in Blog