Bone spurs can affect many areas of the body, including the heel. Our podiatrists Dr. Jeffrey Idol, DPM, Dr. Judith Olkaba, DPM, or Dr. Ruth P. Devadas, DPM, have the requisite experience in treating this condition and can help if you take the opportunity to visit us at the Family Foot Care of Southern Maryland, located in (Owings (410) 257-2242, Lexington Park (301) 863-6601, LaPlata (301) 934-3345 and Huntingtown (410) 535-1719).
A Bone Spur is actually a bone growing outwards along the edges of a bone. They occur in joints (where bones join), muscles, ligaments or tendons. This condition happens because of constant friction of the bone for a long period of time and can be caused by plantar fasciitis which is an inflammation of the fascia on the foot’s bottom where it attaches to the heel. Generally, cartilage lines the edges of bones at the joint, but with this condition, the cartilage layer is worn down or damaged and new bones form in response to the resulting swelling to try and stabilize it.
This condition may occur more readily for those who sustained severe trauma, such as in an accident, by overusing the joint or by genetics due to family hereditary traits. Treatment for this condition involves:
- The use of anti-inflammatories to ease pain and to decrease swelling.
- Physical therapy to reduce and strengthen muscles to increase mobility.
- Steroid injections into the joint to reduce pain.
- Appropriate shoe inserts or custom orthotics that can be of great use redistributing. pressure away from the heel where the bone spurs are present.
When these methods are not successful in satisfactorily treating this condition, a surgical procedure may become necessary to remove the bone spurs. This will ensure a more ordinary joint mechanism and will help alleviate pressure on the surrounding tendons, ligaments and nerves. When this condition has not been timely treated, a much larger procedure replacing the joint may become required.
So, please contact us when you have a chance to help get your bone spurs under control and to let your heel hit the ground with confidence!
Ankle sprains unfortunately occur in a sudden manner. Our podiatrists Dr. Jeffrey Idol, DPM, Dr. Judith Olkaba, DPM, or Dr. Ruth P. Devadas, DPM, can help to ensure you have a great chance of overcoming the pain of this condition and getting back to your routine. Please visit us at the Family Foot Care of Southern Maryland, located in Owings (410) 257-2242, Lexington Park (301) 863-6601, LaPlata (301) 934-3345 and Huntingtown (410) 535-1719.
Ankle Sprains are tears in the ligaments that hold a portion of the ankle together or that also attach it to other bones. This condition is painful and can result inflammation almost immediately after the sprain occurs. When ankles sprain, walking motions may be impacted and could be uneven which then results in extra weight being placed on the uninjured and healthy ankle, thereby increasing the chances of spraining that other ankle. Symptoms include not being able to move the ankle as normal or putting normal weight on it when walking.
The two types of ankle sprains are:
- Eversion - the most common and occur when the ankle rolls outwards.
- Inversion - that happen when the foot twists and the ankle rolls inwards.
The lateral, medial and high sections of the ankle experience sprains:
- Lateral sprains are the most common and cause injury to the ligaments that prevent feet from rolling inwards.
- Medial sprains cause injury to the ligaments that prevent feet from rolling outwards.
- High sprains cause injury to the ligaments that hold the leg bones together above the ankle.
Factors that increase the likelihood of ankle sprains include wearing improper footwear that increase the chances of twisting the ankle in an unnatural manner, walking or jogging on uneven surfaces and participating in high intensity sports that involve a great amount of jumping, climbing or running.
It’s important to get quality care early on for ankle sprains to prevent it from interfering with mobility and other necessary activities. Please contact us when you have a chance and get your ankle back to its normal position sooner than later!
Orthotics are invaluable in their ability to redistribute pressure in the feet and reduce pain in the process. Our podiatrists Dr. Jeffrey Idol, DPM, Dr. Judith Olkaba, DPM, or Dr. Ruth P. Devadas, DPM, can help to provide orthotics that may give your feet the best chance of being able to experience reduced pain, at the Family Foot Care of Southern Maryland, located in (Owings (410) 257-2242, Lexington Park (301) 863-6601, LaPlata (301) 934-3345 and Huntingtown (410) 535-1719).
Orthotics can involve shoe inserts for the heel that may have been bought over the counter or they can be custom designed devices that fit the specific contours of your feet. Orthotics are very useful in alleviating pain in the feet due to their ability to redistribute where pressure is applied on the foot, as it hits the surface of the ground by manipulating which parts initially absorb forces. Moreover, they are particularly helpful for the following:
- Aligning the foot and ankle.
- Preventing or reworking foot deformities.
- Improving the overall function of the foot or ankle.
- Supporting those with flat feet.
- Decreasing a variety of pain in the feet.
- Reallocating pressures applied to feet.
These devices work by using a wedge-shaped shoe insert that is placed onto side of the sole of the shoe. Heel cushions are a form of orthotics that can help to absorb forces when the foot hits the ground and relieve stress placed on the heel when performing routine activities. Generally, the particular category of orthotics that may be recommended will vary on the type of symptoms exhibited and whether there are any present deformities in the feet. Custom orthotics are generally more expensive; yet, they have greater longevity than those purchased over the counter. Currently, technology allows for custom orthotics to be developed using computerized techniques that map out the contours of the foot.
It’s important to remember that orthotics are very helpful for many foot complications from Plantar Fasciitis to high arches and are well worth the cost when considering the many benefits they provide. So, please contact us today and start removing pressure from your feet!
Athlete’s foot is not a fun condition and can cause other complications due its resilient nature. Our podiatrists Dr. Jeffrey Idol, DPM, Dr. Judith Olkaba, DPM, or Dr. Ruth P. Devadas, DPM, have the know-how and experience to diagnose and treat this condition at the Family Foot Care of Southern Maryland, located in (Owings (410) 257-2242, Lexington Park (301) 863-6601, LaPlata (301) 934-3345 and Huntingtown (410) 535-1719).
Athlete’s Foot is caused by an infection that is the result of fungus. The infection invades the skin on the foot and is most frequently the fungus known as dermatophytes. Moreover, this infection is the most common type of the skin! This infection persists with humid conditions and occurs in between the toes. Although this condition does not usually cause the proliferation of blisters, they can form, and as the blisters rupture, can cause the infection to spread to all parts of the foot. It may even spread to the bottom of the foot. This condition is accompanied by burning and irritation and the lingering pain of this condition is not produced by swelling as it is with other complications of the foot and ankle, but rather, is characterized by a scaling of the skin of the foot that takes on a red color. This infection can also cause other complications such as a secondary bacterial infection or toenail fungal infection due to the characteristics of this fungus to spread readily the moment it has the opportunity to do so.
Treatment may involve:
- Utilizing ice packs to alleviate the burning sensation, oral antibiotics (in case a secondary bacterial infection develops)
- Soaking feet in warm water mixed with salt
- Using sandals so that moisture does not build up around toes
- Topical ointments and creams with antifungal compounds
Due to the profound impact that athlete’s foot can have on the feet, it is imperative that you contact us when you can, so that we can have the opportunity to diagnose your condition and provide preventive treatment and thereby giving you the best chance of winning the marathon against this condition!
Neuromas are a sensitive subject, especially because they involve the nerves. Our podiatrists Dr. Jeffrey Idol, DPM, Dr. Judith Olkaba, DPM, or Dr. Ruth P. Devadas, DPM, have experience with neuromas and can help treat them at the Family Foot Care of Southern Maryland, located in (Owings (410) 257-2242, Lexington Park (301) 863-6601, LaPlata (301) 934-3345 and Huntingtown (410) 535-1719).
A Neuroma is a painful condition that is actually a pinched nerve and is a benign growth of nerves generally located between the third and fourth toes. They cause pain between toes or the ball of the foot. They occur more often in women and cause severe pain. Because pain increases during activities such as walking, this condition tends to put a damper on routine activities. Those with neuromas experience aching in the front of the foot, numbness at the ball of the foot or inflammation between toes. Conditions that promote this condition include deformities like high arches or flat feet, severe traumas leading to inflammation of nerves, poorly fitting shoes with an inadequate toe box size or frequent pressures.
As far as treatment goes, they are usually treated conservatively but can become serious enough to warrant removal via a surgical procedure. They must be treated early on to avoid surgery. Precautions to take include the use of padding, orthotics to help reduce pain and anti-inflammatories to reduce swelling and pain. If surgery is ultimately required due to the lack of success from the methods discussed above, the procedure will involve the removing of the enflamed nerve. Recovery time is generally a month post surgery.
Neuromas have the ability to cause abnormal pain at first and thereafter significantly disrupt mobility. Because this condition is effects nerves in the foot, it may lead to the foot being constantly numb. This can prevent an individual from realizing the formation of another complication because of the fact that they can’t feel cuts or injuries occurring to their numb feet. Therefore, please contact us today to receive proper guidance on how to prevent and treat neuromas that may be having a huge impact on your daily routines.
Heel pain can be debilitating and hard to ignore because it can arise during routine activities. Our podiatrists Dr. Jeffrey Idol, DPM, Dr. Judith Olkaba, DPM, or Dr. Ruth P. Devadas, DPM, can provide you with quality treatment for your heel pain before it becomes unbearable at the Family Foot Care of Southern Maryland, located in (Owings (410) 257-2242, Lexington Park (301) 863-6601, LaPlata (301) 934-3345 and Huntingtown (410) 535-1719).
Heel Pain generally results from plantar fasciitis, which involves swelling of tissue that extends from the bottom of the foot to the heel bone. This condition results in the ligament on the bottom of the foot stretching irregularly, causing tiny tears in the ligament. Constant heel pain is associated with plantar fasciitis when it’s not treated early on. Heel pain produces bruising, swelling, burning while resting at night or sores that do not heal as usual because of peripheral vascular disease. Contributing causes to heel pain include arthritis because it produces inflammation of the joints or deformities in the heel, diabetes, poor foot wear or standing for extended amounts of time.
Heel Spurs are another usual cause of pain in the heel as they are pointed bone fragments that form on the heel bone. They form at the same time as plantar fasciitis and pain is felt the most when first walking after long periods of relaxation. Although pain does go away as the foot is returned to normal activity, it unfortunately returns after returning to rest.
Treatments to alleviate pain from the pain discussed above include getting plenty of rest, exercise, cold treatment through ice packs, anti-inflammatories or heel inserts. Other methods include stretching and massaging the calf muscle, wearing properly fitted shoes or weight loss. Preventing surgery by reducing inflammation can be successful in stopping pain and can actually reverse damage without the need for invasive surgical treatments. However, early treatment through the methods discussed above are a necessity to avoiding surgery. For these reasons, please contact us today for a comprehensive diagnosis and thoughtful treatment plan that can help you avoid serious complications from heel pain.
Calluses can be painful or a nagging annoyance. Either way, knowing what they are and how to treat them could save you from a painful situation. Our podiatrists Dr. Jeffrey Idol, DPM, Dr. Judith Olkaba, DPM, or Dr. Ruth P. Devadas, DPM, can provide you with preventive information and/or treatment depending on how advanced your calluses have become, all at the Family Foot Care of Southern Maryland, located in (Owings (410) 257-2242, Lexington Park (301) 863-6601, LaPlata (301) 934-3345 and Huntingtown (410) 535-1719).
Calluses are areas of thickened skin on feet and are a protective mechanism to protect the skin underneath it from extra forces exerted for extended periods of time. They are basically made of dead skin cells in reaction to friction or pressure. Calluses can form over several weeks and can fade away if the excess pressure that caused it is reduced. They can develop from an unnatural stride, bad-fitting shoes, high-heeled shoes (which put extreme amounts of pressure on the toes - causing women to develop this condition more frequently), foot deformities or wearing shoes without socks which leads to increased amounts of friction forces on the feet. Rubbing or pressure applied on the foot can cause this condition. Since feet are constantly in a closed and damp setting, there are increased chances of fungal and bacterial infections since they thrive in such an environment. Bacterial infections in particular can start when they insert themselves through calluses when there is a breakdown in the skin.
However, when they get too thick and interfere with day to day routines, they may need to be sheared before they become painful and potentially develop blisters underneath. Severe pain can result from the calluses cracking and subsequently expose the skin underneath. To treat this condition on a daily basis, you can soak them in warm water and thereafter rub them with a pumice stone to remove the dead skin layers that have been softened. This can help to stop extra layers of thickened skin from developing. Please contact us today if you are suffering from calluses to get treatment proactively and effectively.
Ankle instability can be a frequent occurrence if it’s chronic and can result in a painful situation.The feeling of a weak ankle can stop you from participating in routine activities. Proper care and treatment is required to adequately deal with this condition. Our podiatrists Dr. Jeffrey Idol, DPM, Dr. Judith Olkaba, DPM, or Dr. Ruth P. Devadas, DPM, can assist you with treatment at the Family Foot Care of Southern Maryland, located in (Owings (410) 257-2242, Lexington Park (301) 863-6601, LaPlata (301) 934-3345 and Huntingtown (410) 535-1719).
Ankle Instability is a condition in which the ankle repeatedly “gives out” while engaged in physical activities, walking, standing, or when weight or pressure is placed on the ankle. Instability typically affects the outside part of the ankle, that causes it to turn inwards. Ankle instability can result in continual pain, soreness, inflammation or a sensation that the ankle can buckle at any given time. Unfortunately, recurrent sprains can lead to a chronic condition of ankle instability because each sprain stretches the ligaments. Without taking measure to re-strengthen the injured ligament, it will stay frail and prone to instability.
This condition most often requires physical therapy, which will make the muscles of the ankle and foot stronger and increase their mobility. Getting a great amount of rest, using ice and taking medications will help to reduce swelling. Braces or any other type of ankle support apparatus can help with the ankle joint. Footwear is also very important to the overall stability of the ankle. Surgery may be required in cases where preventive measures and less invasive treatments do not correct this condition. However, recovering from surgery may take several months as the ankle is restored to its optimal position.
If you have constant ankle pain with a feeling that it will buckle under normal activity and it does not improve with taking preventive measures, please contact us today to setup an appointment. We can make sure you are given proper treatment and knowledge so that your ankle instability becomes a problem of the past!
Diabetics need to exercise and perform activities such as walking for their overall health. However, this takes a toll on their feet and can be risky for their foot and ankle health. Diabetic Shoes are therefore imperative for allowing diabetics to maintain an active lifestyle since it is essential to remain healthy.
Diabetics experience numbness in their feet, which makes it difficult to realize that their feet are rubbing against their shoes and causing blisters or sores. This is dangerous because the sores don’t heal normally due to the restriction in blood flow. These complications may get worse due to the fact that diabetics may not realize that they are developing on their feet. Diabetic shoes have a taller and wider toe box that gives toes more freedom to move, preventing them from rubbing against each other and blistering. They also support the foot, ankles, heels and have stabilizers in the sole, thicker material and extra width to prevent unnatural rolling of the foot. Diabetic shoes are also deeper and have removable insoles to allow for orthotics that provide an even stride.
A common complaint with these types of shoes are that they are not fashionable. However, the benefit of these shoes is more important than any fashion trend as they can help to provide support and care for your feet that will keep them in good shape for a long time. For these reasons, our podiatrists Dr. Jeffrey Idol, DPM, Dr. Judith Olkaba, DPM, or Dr. Ruth P. Devadas, DPM, can assist you with finding the best diabetic shoe to help your foot avoid complications. Please visit our team of podiatrists at the Family Foot Care of Southern Maryland, located in (Owings (410) 257-2242, Lexington Park (301) 863-6601, LaPlata (301) 934-3345 and Huntingtown (410) 535-1719). We will make sure that your feet are comfortable in the right shoes that provide the right amount of cushioning and support. Please contact us today to set up an appointment so that you can stop any further friction caused by normal fitting shoes and allow your feet to move freely in a customized diabetic shoe.
Ingrown toenails don’t come easy. They cause pain and can hinder mobility if not treated during its early stages. Our podiatrists Dr. Jeffrey Idol, DPM, Dr. Judith Olkaba, DPM, or Dr. Ruth P. Devadas, DPM, can provide you with great treatment options to help stop this condition. Please call or visit our team of podiatrists at the Family Foot Care of Southern Maryland, located in (Owings (410) 257-2242, Lexington Park (301) 863-6601, LaPlata (301) 934-3345 and Huntingtown (410) 535-1719).
Ingrown Toenails generally occur on the big toe and cause the sides of the nail to dig downwards into the skin. This causes severe pain and sensitivity to happen in the area of the toe where the nail digs into, which in turn causes redness and inflammation. The swelling caused by this condition can significantly impair mobility as it can become very painful to move the toe and only grows worse as the condition remains untreated.
Treatment to help stop or prevent the formation of ingrown toenails involves soaking the infected toe in warm water, trimming nails in a straight manner so as to prevent rounded edged corners, not cutting the nails too short or using antibiotic cream to kill the infection at its originating location on the toe. Avoiding traumatic injuries to the toes and walking barefoot after long periods of activity can also help with preventing ingrown toenails. If these methods do not help, a podiatrist can raise the infected portion of the nail and apply oral antibiotics. Yet, if this method is not successful in fixing the stubborn ingrown nail, surgery may be performed to remove the outer portions of the nail so that the nail’s edges no longer dig into the skin and then use the application of phenol to destroy cells that stop nail growth in its tracks.
When your feet have ingrown toenails, the best option for those toes is to contact us so that we can help prevent any serious complications or injuries that may result from prolonged digging of the toenails into the surrounding skin.
Custom orthotics are a great benefit to offset all types of foot conditions. Our podiatrists Dr. Jeffrey Idol, DPM, Dr. Judith Olkaba, DPM, or Dr. Ruth P. Devadas, DPM, will provide you with the most efficient and comfortable orthotics available to prevent serious foot and ankle conditions. Please call or visit our team of podiatrists at the Family Foot Care of Southern Maryland, located in (Owings (410) 257-2242, Lexington Park (301) 863-6601, LaPlata (301) 934-3345 and Huntingtown (410) 535-1719).
Orthotics are generally prescribed by foot and ankle medical professionals. They insert into shoes and help to bring into line and support the foot. They exclusively help with preventing injuries in athletes by guiding mobility in a safe manner during high intensity activities. They are especially helpful to combat pain in the heel, arch and ball of the feet. They also help distribute pressure evenly within the foot and keep the foot in a neutral position, which helps with pain caused by excessive standing on the feet for long periods of time. These actions help to reduce the risk of severe injuries. Orthotics are also made in different shapes and have different modifying parts to support different issues with foot and ankle health. Modifications include posts, pads and other safety devices that assist in controlling motion and better offloading of pressure. It’s important to note that orthotics may require break-in periods and further adjustments to get them fitting and feeling right. This process is important and can be done best by medical professionals because they have the expertise to diagnose improper fitting orthotics, as well as provide further modifications that are precise and effective. Orthotics must be used in a functional manner so that they provide support without weakening other muscles. They must not be too overreaching to other areas of the foot and remain focused on reducing pain to specific areas of need.
If your feet are in constant pain due to injuries or normal day to day activities, orthotics can help to minimize pain and inflammation. For these reasons, please contact us as there will be many benefits to your long-term foot and ankle health.
Joint swelling of the ankle can be painful and immobilizing. This condition should be treated with care and high urgency. Our podiatrists Dr. Jeffrey Idol, DPM, Dr. Judith Olkaba, DPM, or Dr. Ruth P. Devadas, DPM, can assist you with treating your swollen ankle. Please call or visit our team of podiatrists at the Family Foot Care of Southern Maryland, located in (Owings (410) 257-2242, Lexington Park (301) 863-6601, LaPlata (301) 934-3345 and Huntingtown (410) 535-1719).
Joint inflammation of the ankle can be a common issue which causes the buildup of liquid within the ankle joint or in the tissues around the ankle. This happens because the body naturally increases the flow of blood to joint injuries, which increases swelling and creates a stiff and painful feeling. This condition can result from poor circulation, a severe injury, gout or even arthritis.
A common cause of blood flow problems leading to ankle joint swelling are blood clots, which happens in a single leg. Those with other complications can have a higher propensity to develop blood clots or other blood flow issues. Severe injuries can be in the form of ankle sprains or broken ankles and are the most common causes of ankle inflammation because they can happen in any number of environments. Gout occurs when there is a buildup of uric acid crystals in your ankle. These crystals are associated with digestion but can accumulate in the ankle, causing inflammation. Arthritis is not so common, but if it effects the ankle, can be seriously painful.
Treatments for ankle joint inflammation can include anti-inflammatories that are generally prescribed for sprains. Other helpful forms of treatment include rest, icing, compression and elevation of the swollen ankle joint. The main focus of treatment is to reduce swelling in a targeted and quick manner. Surgery may however be required for severe issues with the most likely forms being ankle fusion or ankle replacement.
If your ankles are swollen and painful, please contact us as soon as possible since this condition can get worse with time. Please allow us to provide you with the very best treatment for your ankle!
Athlete’s Foot is referred to as Tinea Pedia and is a skin disease that can be caused by fungus that generally occurs between the toes. It can however also happen in other areas of the feet. Our podiatrists Dr. Jeffrey Idol, DPM, Dr. Judith Olkaba, DPM, or Dr. Ruth P. Devadas, DPM, can help to treat athlete’s foot. You can call or visit our team of podiatrists at the Family Foot Care of Southern Maryland, located in (Owings (410) 257-2242, Lexington Park (301) 863-6601, LaPlata (301) 934-3345 and Huntingtown (410) 535-1719).
The fungus that causes athlete’s foot usually attacks feet because it thrives in the dark and moist environments such as in shoes which inspires its growth. This condition generally happens because of swimming pools, showers or gym locker rooms because they are havens for fungi. The name athlete’s foot was coined because it’s so prevalent among athletes who used these types of facilities on a frequent basis. However, now that the general public is more active, it can be associated with anyone, not just athletes. Symptoms include dry skin, itching or burning between toes or swelling. Athlete's foot can spread to the soles or toenails because of scratching the infection and then spreading it when touching other areas of the body with the same hand.
Treatment can include antifungal medications that are either topical or oral, depending on which your doctor prescribes. If there is an infection caused by bacteria and not fungus, then antibiotics are especially effective. Keeping your feet dry with foot powder in your shoes is very helpful and frequent bathing of toes is necessary to avoid getting athlete’s foot. If a family member develops this condition, it could be necessary to disinfect showers after each use to prevent another person from becoming infected since the fungi can linger until it is removed.
If you believe you may be the victim of athlete’s foot, please contact us as soon as possible. We will ensure that you get the very best treatment for your feet with regards to athlete’s foot today!
Diabetics must be careful to ensure that treating their wounds is of the utmost importance to their routine. Failure to treat wounds for those who have diabetes can be a fatal misstep. Thankfully, our podiatrists, Dr. Jeffrey Idol, Dr. Judith Olkaba or Dr. Ruth P. Devadas, can help to treat wounds in diabetics. You can visit our team of podiatrists at the Family Foot Care of Southern Maryland, located in (Owings, Lexington Park, LaPlata and Huntingtown).
Diabetic Foot Care, as mentioned above, is a must do for diabetics at the first sign of foot wounds because they can turn into foot ulcers. These foot ulcers form as openings in the skin on the foot that can reveal the tissue residing underneath. Diabetic foot ulcers can be so dangerous that amputation may be required. It may be possible to sever only the ulcer from the skin in an attempt to save the entire foot. Nerve damage is likely to happen when wounds are not treated correctly. This can hinder the feeling in your feet, which can severely complicate your overall foot and ankle health. A lack of sensation in feet is very dangerous for diabetics since you may not realize when an injury is sustained. Diabetics generally have poor circulation to the feet. This condition makes it harder for wounds to heal.
Your medical provider may provide a method for cleaning the wound, or may prescribe medicines to destroy the infection. Losing weight also helps because it reduces the amount of pressure on your feet, and therefore on wounds on the bottom of feet. Routine daily activities suddenly become more serious because precautions must be taken no matter how simple your grooming may be as any unnecessary cuts or injuries could lead to surgery.
Proper diabetic wound care is essential to ensure the long-term health of the feet of diabetics. If you’re a diabetic and have concerns about treating wounds on your feet, please call us as today for a consultation so that we can help make sure your feet stay healthy!