translates to joint inflammation and is also, unfortunately, the cause of discomfort and rigidity. This condition is a chronic condition that progresses by deteriorating the cartilage in the foot’s joints over time. The loss of cartilage removes the cushioning between bones and causes bones to rub against each other directly. This wearing down of the joints causes a reduction in mobility and deformities. This condition can get worse as individuals age or if they are exposed to significant drama. The joints of the foot that are most affected are the location of where the ankle and shinbone connect, joints of the heel bone, inside of the mid-foot, the outer mid-foot and the big toe joint.
Treatment for this condition involves:
- Losing weight can help reduce tension on joints.
- Utilizing support devices for the ankle and foot such as braces or canes.
- Physical therapy to reduce rigidity in the joints.
- Anti-inflammatories to decrease inflammation of the joints.
- Steroid injections into the joints to reduce swelling.
- Surgical procedures may be required if this condition continues to get worse with conservative treatments. Arthroscopic, fusion and joint replacement surgery are some of the common types that are chosen.
- Arthroscopic surgery will assist with removing foreign tissues or spurs that may be in the joint.
- Fusion surgery will involve fusing bones together via apparatuses such as pins or screws.
- Joint replacement surgery will involve the replacement of the ankle joint by using artificial implants. This form of surgery is not used as often due to the nature of the procedure.
This condition can cause long lasting and lingering pain. Pleaseus because it’s never too early to combat this condition. Here at , located in , Maryland, our podiatrists , will provide quality and proven treatment methods for your feet! Therefore, please make an appointment today by calling our office at any of the numbers provided above!
Swelling of the Foot’s Joints can be a complicated issue. It’s the accumulation of fluid inside the soft tissue adjoining the joint. This condition is the enlargement of the joints and is generally caused by an inflammatory response or trauma to the joint or surrounding structures. Swelling of these joints can cause it to look as if it is unusually shaped and can lead to significant pain or stiffness. When this happens to the joint after a trauma, it can be a sign of a bone breaking or perhaps a tendon or ligament tearing.
This condition can also be caused by an infection that can also result in a fever. Other symptoms associated with this condition include redness, joint warmth or a reduction in mobility of the joint. Once joints are swollen in the foot, it can lead to any number of arthritic conditions. And in turn, arthritis increases joint inflammation and causes additional redness and warmth.
Treatment for this condition involves:
- Physical therapy whereby a focus is placed on exercising and stretching the feet and toes to increase joint movement and elasticity.
- Wearing correctly fitting shoes that are comfortable and supportive. This would include refraining from wearing high heels.
- Utilizing topical ointments that can provide relief for arthritic pain. These ointments generally contain capsaicin, which is found in chili peppers and helps to manage pain sensations.
- Massaging the toes and certain areas of the foot so that joints can increase motion and feel relief from pain.
- Orthotics are also very helpful in providing long-lasting relief for arthritic toes by helping to re-align and distribute weight evenly over the entire surface area of the foot.
- Ice packs can provide substantial relief by numbing the pain and decreasing inflammation.
Joint swelling of the foot region can become a painful proposition. Please contact us if your foot joints are swollen. Here at Family Foot Care of Southern Maryland, located in (Owings (410) 257-2242, Lexington Park (301) 863-6601, LaPlata (301) 934-3345 and Huntingtown (410) 535-1719), Maryland, our podiatrists Dr. Jeffrey Idol, DPM, Dr. Judith Olkaba, DPM, or Dr. Ruth P. Devadas, DPM, we can treat your inflamed joints with care and efficiency! Therefore, please make an appointment today by calling our office at any of the numbers provided above.
Custom orthotic inserts work by modifying the forces that are placed on different regions of the foot caused by numerous reasons. Orthotics assist with alleviating discomfort produced by other foot complications. These devices help to align the foot and, in certain types, utilize a custom molded material that contour to the shape of a particular individual’s foot to provide stability to the arch to stop imbalanced weight allocation. Orthotics help to reduce inflammation in feet by correcting the uneven nature of pressure points that may be causing pain for a variety of reasons. The effects of these devices are felt throughout the body and can be made into a vast variety of shapes to provide comfort to any foot shape. Orthotics, like new shoes, require a period of adjustment whereby feet get used to them. There may be a slight pain at the beginning that will eventually give way to comfort as orthotics work their charm. Alterations of these devices can include safety devices that help in adjusting motion.
Custom Orthotics can be used to treat the following:
- Foot conditions such as tendinitis, diabetic foot ulcers or other plantar deformities.
- Chronic pain in feet can be reduced by a variety of orthotics such as arch supports (to deter high/low arches and flat feet), insoles, cushions or other types that may work better for some feet than others.
Orthotics are a wonder in fighting foot pain and can be indispensable for providing comfort without the use of invasive procedures. Please contact us if your feet experience chronic pain or are subject to foot conditions that may be treated by the use of these devices. Here at Family Foot Care of Southern Maryland, located in Owings (410) 257-2242, Lexington Park (301) 863-6601, LaPlata (301) 934-3345 and Huntingtown (410) 535-1719, Maryland, our podiatrists Dr. Jeffrey Idol, DPM, Dr. Judith Olkaba, DPM, or Dr. Ruth P. Devadas, DPM, can treat your foot pain with custom molded orthotic devices! So, please take a moment to make an appointment today by calling our office at any of the numbers provided above.
Hammertoes are a contracted toe at the first toe joint. They may start out as mild pain but can get painful when wearing the wrong types of shoes. Those with this condition are at an increased risk of developing pain on the top of the toe since that’s where the toe will hit against the inside of a shoe or where it will rub against the toe next to it. The most common shoe issues include small toe boxes and high heels. Other factors that increase the chance of getting this condition include genetics, trauma, infections or even arthritis. The type of stride also helps to create this condition as certain muscles may be used in an abnormal manner, causing a toe deformity over time.
Treatment for this condition involves:
- Treatment must be sought early on and before a hammertoe is allowed to severely deform a toe. Moreover, poor choices in footwear must be addressed at the time of pain and solutions such as padding or orthotic devices should be considered to relieve pressure on the toes.
- Surgical procedures may also become necessary if conservative methods are unsuccessful and/or the hammertoe becomes severely deformed. An important part of undergoing surgery will require proper circulation to manage the stress of the procedure.
Hammertoes do not have to be a pain in your toes if proper footwear choices are taken and timely treatment is sought. Please contact us now if you feel that you have this condition and it is significantly impacting your comfort. Here at Family Foot Care of Southern Maryland, located in Owings (410) 257-2242, Lexington Park (301) 863-6601, LaPlata (301) 934-3345 and Huntingtown (410) 535-1719, Maryland, our podiatrists Dr. Jeffrey Idol, DPM, Dr. Judith Olkaba, DPM, or Dr. Ruth P. Devadas, DPM, have the expertise and experience to treat your hammertoes with targeted and proven treatment methods. We therefore ask that you make an appointment today by calling our office at any of the numbers provided above and we’ll do our best to put an end to your hammertoes and provide your toes with renewed vitality!
Ingrown toenails are a common toenail issue that can be caused by poorly fitting footwear, infections, incorrectly trimmed toenails, severe traumas and genetic disorders. The ingrown toenail occurs when the side of the nail digs and tears into the skin next to the nail, causing significant pain.
The reason ingrown toenails can cause infections is that if the nail pierces the surrounding skin it can allow microbes present on the skin to then get below the skin. Symptoms that the toenail is infected include a growing pain, inflammation, pus near the nail, fever and the toe becoming redder. Those who participate in high-intensity activities may develop this condition more frequently than others.
Treatment for this condition involves:
- Soaking the injured toe in water to soften the skin surrounding the nail, then pushing the skin down and away from the nail. This can allow the nail to grow without hitting the skin.
- Use of antibiotics to treat any infections.
Ingrown toenails can be prevented through proper foot care and can be treated early to prevent infection. When ignored, it can develop into a serious complication that can become more difficult to treat. Please contact us today if you have an ingrown toenail to avoid pain and infections from developing any further. Here at Family Foot Care of Southern Maryland, located in Owings (410) 257-2242, Lexington Park (301) 863-6601, LaPlata (301) 934-3345 and Huntingtown (410) 535-1719 Maryland, our podiatrists Dr. Jeffrey Idol, DPM, Dr. Judith Olkaba, DPM, or Dr. Ruth P. Devadas, DPM can help to provide your toenails with the care that they deserve! So, please make an appointment today by calling our office at any of the numbers provided above and we’ll take care of the rest!
A Callus happens when dead layers of skin on the feet accumulate and are usually located on the heel. They are triggered by a reaction to rubbing. When you withstand continual damages, the skin attempts to defend itself from blistering and the skin cells gush to the location of the pressure to leave a dense layer of itself. Typical reasons for the creation of this condition are shoes with high heels, obesity, malformations in the foot or even flat feet. They can start to get painful and irritating as the callus becomes dry and may even start to drain.
Treatment for this condition involves:
- Removing badly fitting shoes.
- Use of padding to allow calluses to heal.
- Using medications such as antibiotics, especially if an infection forms.
The formation of this condition can be a defense mechanism by the foot to defend the foot against high levels of stress. This is a good thing. The bad part, however, is when the skin thickens too much in an attempt to prevent against other complications from forming. Even though this thickening may help to avoid the creation of blisters for those on their feet for extended periods of time, the resultant callus can become infected, thereby causing other serious complications. Timely treatment is paramount to the successful elimination of this condition. Therefore, we recommend that you contact us to discover more about how you can escape the perils of this condition and obtain the finest treatment available today! Here at Family Foot Care of Southern Maryland, located in Owings (410) 257-2242, Lexington Park (301) 863-6601, LaPlata (301) 934-3345 and Huntingtown (410) 535-1719, Maryland, our podiatrists Dr. Jeffrey Idol, DPM, Dr. Judith Olkaba, DPM, or Dr. Ruth P. Devadas, DPM, we make it our priority to assist your feet by making them feel pain free once again! It would be best if you make an appointment today by calling our office at any of the numbers provided above so that your calluses can soften up and be eliminated, rather than succumbing to the pitfalls of the pain that they cause.
Neuromas usually happen when two bones frequently rub against each other and produce burning or numbness. A neuroma forms as a knot and can become very painful, especially if left untreated because as the nerve function becomes damaged, it becomes less stable regarding pain sensitivity. Of note, diabetics are more prone to developing this condition due to the complications they suffer from their nerves.
Causes for neuromas can be lingering foot injuries, such as severe sprains, bunions, hereditary conditions, such as flat feet and bad-fitting shoes like high-heeled shoes with narrow toe boxes. Chronic issues, such as arthritis or traumas that occur from ordinary activities like running or jogging, can also be contributing factors.
Treatment for this condition involves:
- Medications such as anti-inflammatories to reduce swelling caused by the injured nerve.
- Orthotics to distribute pressure away from the injured nerve.
- Massaging the ball of the foot to ease the pain.
- Icing the affected area.
- Refraining from long walks.
- Soaking in hot water and rubbing the foot thereafter.
- Surgery to remove the damaged nerve tissue by cutting it out, covering it and aligning it to prevent reoccurrence.
- Use of injectable anesthetics to significantly reduce swelling around the site of the injured nerve.
Due to the far-reaching consequences that neuromas can bring, it is highly recommended that individuals suffering from this condition get proper medical treatment immediately. As the nerve’s injuries get more serious, other complications can make it difficult to fully recover from this condition. So, please contact us so to learn more about how you can avoid this condition and receive the best treatment if it has gotten worse! Here at Family Foot Care of Southern Maryland, located in Owings (410) 257-2242, Lexington Park (301) 863-6601, LaPlata (301) 934-3345 and Huntingtown (410) 535-1719), Maryland, our podiatrists Dr. Jeffrey Idol, DPM, Dr. Judith Olkaba, DPM, or Dr. Ruth P. Devadas, DPM, can assist with providing the finest treatment available for this condition! So, make an appointment today by calling our office at any of the numbers provided above and your nerves will finally be able to relax!
Corns can become painful and a real nuisance. Our podiatrists Dr. Jeffrey Idol, DPM, Dr. Judith Olkaba, DPM, or Dr. Ruth P. Devadas, DPM, can treat this condition at the Family Foot Care of Southern Maryland, located in Owings (410) 257-2242, Lexington Park (301) 863-6601, LaPlata (301) 934-3345 and Huntingtown (410) 535-1719.
Corns are generally yellow layers of thick, dead skin. They are typically located on the toe bones and can press against the nerve. Corns can be hard, where a small patch of rough skin in the middle of the corn is different from the rest of the corn. Soft corns are red and sensitive with a smooth epicenter, are found between the toes and are more painful than hard corns. Seed corns are a group of very miniature corns, are painful and are located on the heel of the foot.
Corns form from continual forces on a single area of the skin on the foot, which causes the skin cells to die. When this happens, that area of the skin becomes a hard surface as a protective mechanism. Symptoms of this condition include:
- The skin becomes coarse and discolored.
- The skin of the toe is tougher than usual.
- The top of the foot takes on a yellow color.
- The inside of the toe become red.
Actions that lead to the development of this condition include:
- Using tight-fitting shoes.
- Wearing foot wear that’s not the right size for your feet.
- Wearing fashionable shoes that put abnormal pressures on the feet.
- The absence of socks.
- Deformities of the foot.
- Underlying conditions such as bunions.
- Standing or walking for long periods of time.
Treatment for this condition includes wearing shoes that fit correctly or that are the right size, wearing appropriately fitting socks and refraining from wearing high heels. When these methods are not successful in alleviating this condition, surgery may be necessary to fix the abnormality and to stop them from re-occurring.
Due to the stubborn nature of corns, it pays to get timely treatment. So, please contact us today for the care your toes deserve!
Toenail Fungus can be unsightly and is generally unpleasant. Our podiatrists Dr. Jeffrey Idol, DPM, Dr. Judith Olkaba, DPM, or Dr. Ruth P. Devadas, DPM, can provide treatment for this condition at the Family Foot Care of Southern Maryland, located in Owings (410) 257-2242, Lexington Park (301) 863-6601, LaPlata (301) 934-3345 and Huntingtown (410) 535-1719.
Toenail Fungus is unfortunately a common condition that starts beneath the tip of the toenail. As it grows deeper, the nail discolors, thickens and becomes brittle at the edge. The nails can also become slanted and start to emit an odor. This condition results from various fungi, the most common of which is called dermatophyte. This type of infection can form any age, but it tends to happen in older individuals since their nails get frail and cause cracks, which allow fungi to enter.
Other factors that allow for this condition to occur include:
- Poor circulation.
- A weakened immune system.
- Athlete's foot that spreads to the toenail.
- Heavy perspiration.
- Walking shoeless in moist public areas, such as swimming pools, gyms or locker rooms.
- Diabetes, which can cause a numbness in the feet and a bigger risk of a bacterial skin infection. This would cause any small injury to generally lead to a more severe complication because of the reduced circulation.
Methods of treatment include trimming nails in a straight fashion and filing down the edges of the nail so that their smooth and less thickened. Cleaning the tools used to trim the toenails is also important. Utilizing socks that soak up sweat is helpful to keep moisture away from the toes, wearing foot wear that has materials that allow the feet to air out, discarding older shoes that have become worn out and treating frequently worn shoes with sanitizers and antifungal powders are all helpful in making sure your toes have the best chance of avoiding this condition. It’s also helpful to use closed toe shoes when walking through public pool areas and gym locker rooms. Also, be sure to find nail salons that have clean and sterile tools.
Due to the nature of this condition, it is imperative that you obtain treatment as soon as possible. So, please contact us if you’re experiencing any of the above symptoms and we’ll make sure to have your toenails fresh in no time!
Many foot problems can be treated effectively with preventive foot care. One such form of treatment is via diabetic shoes. Our podiatrists Dr. Jeffrey Idol, DPM, Dr. Judith Olkaba, DPM, or Dr. Ruth P. Devadas, DPM, can assist with providing the right shoes for you at the Family Foot Care of Southern Maryland, located in Owings (410) 257-2242, Lexington Park (301) 863-6601, LaPlata (301) 934-3345 and Huntingtown (410) 535-1719.
Diabetic Shoes are specifically designed shoes envisioned to offer safety for diabetic feet and decrease the threat of skin failure, especially as seen in poor circulation and neuropathy. Diabetics are generally more vulnerable to foot complications since it harms the nerves and diminishes blood flow to the feet. This makes it difficult for the feet to heal from injuries or recovery from infections. Diabetic shoes can therefore prevent many complications by using state of the art methods to ensure foot healthiness. These types of shoes consist of the following:
- Interiors that are made with easy-going materials and with no bulging sewing, since the slightest protrusion can aggravate the skin.
- Having the top of the shoe at the front be soft to eliminate areas of friction.
- Stretchable material at the top of the so that it shapes to the contours of the feet, thereby reducing friction.
- Using orthotics in the form of insoles that are light weight, improve mobility and deliver support to the arch and reduce pressure underneath the feet.
- Large toe boxes so that the toes have plenty of room to move without hitting into each other or the inside of the top of the shoe.
- Choosing the optimal width so that the shoe provides ideal fit and safety.
Diabetic shoes consist of many improvements from ordinary foot wear that are functional in design and that have been well thought out to prolong the longevity of feet for those suffering from diabetes. Please contact us when you can for a chance to get the right fitting diabetic shoes for your feet and take back control of your precious steps!
Arthritis in feet can cause long term issues with painful results. Our podiatrists Dr. Jeffrey Idol, DPM, Dr. Judith Olkaba, DPM, or Dr. Ruth P. Devadas, DPM, can help to treat this condition at the Family Foot Care of Southern Maryland, located in (Owings (410) 257-2242, Lexington Park (301) 863-6601, LaPlata (301) 934-3345 and Huntingtown (410) 535-1719).
Arthritis can cause pain in the feet and ankles as you age. If it is not timely treated, the nagging pain can grow into something very severe. Arthritis is a condition that destroys the mechanisms of a joint and is a wear and tear of the cartilage that results in inflammation of the joint. Severe arthritis can stop your mobility from behaving normally. However, with the right treatment, arthritis can be slowed down so that it doesn’t hurt you early in life. Severe traumas that lead to broken feet or a torn ligament can cause the joint to develop arthritis in the future. Symptoms of this condition varies by the type, but generally include pain, stiffness, swelling and a reduction in mobility.
Treatment options include:
- medications to relieve pain
- specially made shoes that have a comfortable fit that allow for swollen feet to move
- physical therapy
- loss of weight to help reduce pressure on the injured joints
Surgical options include arthroscopic surgery which helps in the early stages and uses a small instrument to insert into the joint to remove any foreign elements in the joint that are not supposed to be there. Fusion surgery on the other hand involves fusing of the bones with pins or screws. Lastly, joint replacement surgery involves the complete replacement of the ankle joint with implants. This form of surgery is only used in extreme cases.
This condition may form slowly, but it can have lasting implications. To avoid huge issues with your foot and ankle health, please contact us to today to help develop a treatment strategy that can alleviate the pain from your arthritis and let your joints move freely.
Flat Feet can cause pain and complications because it takes away the arch in your feet. Our podiatrists Dr. Jeffrey Idol, DPM, Dr. Judith Olkaba, DPM, or Dr. Ruth P. Devadas, DPM, can help to treat this condition at the Family Foot Care of Southern Maryland, located in (Owings (410) 257-2242, Lexington Park (301) 863-6601, LaPlata (301) 934-3345 and Huntingtown (410) 535-1719).
Flat feet happen when there is a problem with the tendons in the foot. Since tendons are supposed to tighten and allow arches to develop with age, when they don’t form as children from 2 or 3 years old or as an adult, there can be lasting complications such as frequent lethargy. The foot hits the ground without any tendon support and the full surface area of the sole is exposed to pressures that can cause significant pain. Tight or narrowly fitting shoes can cause this condition if it’s not genetic since they may cause the arch to respond in an unnatural manner. In fact, this condition may occur late in life even if the arch initially formed correctly. Treatment options include medicines to reduce inflammation or custom orthotics. Children can have foot or ankle pain when they have flat feet and should therefore be checked by a doctor if this occurs. Symptoms of this condition during adulthood can include tired feet after standing or playing sports for extended periods of time. Those with this condition may experience a sluggish or painful feeling in their feet after high intensity activities for long periods of time due to looseness in their arches.
This condition can occur because of aging, obesity, diabetes or severe traumas. Methods of prevention include properly fitting shoes, physical therapy, rest, walking barefoot and weight loss. When not treated timely, pain can travel up to the legs and into the back. This condition can eventually lead to severe pain in surrounding muscles, joints or tendons. Since this condition can cause severe pain if not treated timely, please contact us to help your feet develop an arch and put an end to the flatness in you step!
Achilles Tendonitis can cause pain and swelling, leading to an uncomfortable situation. Our podiatrists Dr. Jeffrey Idol, DPM, Dr. Judith Olkaba, DPM, or Dr. Ruth P. Devadas, DPM, will assist you with alleviating your pain from this condition at the Family Foot Care of Southern Maryland, located in (Owings (410) 257-2242, Lexington Park (301) 863-6601, LaPlata (301) 934-3345 and Huntingtown (410) 535-1719).
The Achilles tendon connects the calf muscles to the heel bone and is important when jumping, walking or standing on the ball of the foot. The two types of Achilles tendonitis are insertional and non-insertional. Insertional irritates the lower tendon portion and non-insertional implicates the middle portion of the tendon. This condition is generally brought about by constant, high intensity activities that result in swelling. Although this can happen frequently in athletes, it can also be caused by arthritis or infections. Additional causes include:
- Exercising without warming up, damaging the calf muscles.
- Wearing poorly fitting foot wear such as high heels.
- Bone spurs on the back of the heel.
When experiencing this condition, there will be pain and inflammation at the back of the heel, tight calf muscles, hindered mobility and a warm feeling when pressure is applied. Treatments for this condition include getting plenty of rest or using anti-inflammatories to reduce swelling.
When these methods aren’t successful, especially because of a failure to provide timely treatment, surgery may be necessary. Tendon rupture surgery may be used to cut open the leg above the heel bone to sew the ruptured tendon back together. Another method involves cutting the leg open again and using needles to stitch through the tendon and back out. These procedures can have significant benefits as far as repairing the tendon. Recovery for these procedures could take up to 3 months.
Since surgery should be avoided unless necessary, it is highly important that you get prompt treatment to prevent complications from arising. Therefore, please contact us now so that we can strive to reduce your pain and provide you with a long-term treatment plan to help ensure that you don’t experience this condition again!
Hammertoes can really hammer into your feet due to the deformities and long term hinderance to routines that they can cause. Our podiatrists Dr. Jeffrey Idol, DPM, Dr. Judith Olkaba, DPM, or Dr. Ruth P. Devadas, DPM, can help to provide quality treatment so that you can overcome your hammertoes at the Family Foot Care of Southern Maryland, located in (Owings (410) 257-2242, Lexington Park (301) 863-6601, LaPlata (301) 934-3345 and Huntingtown (410) 535-1719).
A hammertoe is a toe that’s been misshaped because it has bent upwards at the middle of the joint. When a muscle in the toe does not work correctly, it can cause pressure on the tendons and toe joints. Therefore, a hammertoe forms as the toe stays bent.
This condition can form from the following:
- Poorly fitting shoes
Methods of preventing this condition involve wearing properly fitting and comfortable shoes with extra room for toes (preventing them from being bent from narrow fitting shoes), refraining from wearing high heels (making use of low heel shoes helps to lower the amount of stress placed on toes as they are no longer being pushed against the front of the shoe or stretching toes to keep tendons relaxed. When surgery is required:
- A flexible hammertoe can be straightened with a tendon transfer which is comprised of rerouting tendons from the bottom to the top of a toe which forces the bent joint straight.
- A fixed hammertoe is stiff and surgery would favor cutting ligaments and tendons to straighten the toe, removing the end of a bone to straighten it and utilizing pins to keep the toe in a straightened position, which can be removed later on after it heals. Fusion may also be another form of surgical procedure by cutting the ligaments, tendons and bone to strengthen the toe and the use of implants to keep it in that position until it heals.
Hammertoes can cause your toes to get severely deformed if not treated in a timely manner, causing deformities and significant pain. Please contact us as it is imperative that you take proactive steps to ensure your toes stay straight!