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Friday, 16 January 2015 00:00

Easily relieve Swollen Feet in Pregnant Women

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foot massagePregnant women living with swollen feet should not worry over having difficulty easing their condition, as there are various treatments available that are easily accessible and will help reduce swelling. One of the main causes of swollen feet in pregnant women is salt buildup in the body. To control salt buildup, pregnant women should drink at least 7-8 glasses of water each day. Further reduce swelling by soaking the feet in either salt water or a solution of water and either peppermint or eucalyptus oil. Foot massages help increase blood circulation and blood flow in the feet, as does making sure to keep the feet elevated.

Pregnant women with swollen feet can be treated with a variety of different methods that are readily available. For more information about other cures for swollen feet, speak to one of our podiatrists of Family Foot Care of Southern Maryland. Our doctors will assist you with all of your foot and ankle concerns and answer any of your related questions.

What foot problems can arise during pregnancy?

One problem that can occur is over-pronation, which occurs when the arch of the foot flattens and tends to roll inward.  This can cause pain and discomfort in your heels while you’re walking or even just standing up, trying to support your baby.  

Another problem is edema, or swelling in the extremities. This often affects the feet during pregnancy, but tends to occur in the later stages. 

How can I keep my feet healthy during pregnancy?

  • Wearing orthotics can provide extra support for the feet and help distribute weight evenly
  • Minimize the amount of time spent walking barefoot
  • Wear shoes with good arch support
  • Wear shoes that allow for good circulation to the feet
  • Elevate feet if you experience swelling
  • Massage your feet
  • Get regular, light exercise, such as walking, to promote blood circulation to the feet

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices located in Maryland. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read the more about Pregnancy and Foot Health

crackedAccording to research from medical student Vanessa Mercieca, athletes with high arches or flat feet are more prone to the injuries caused by athletic demands imposed on the feet. Those with abnormal biomechanics of the feet should be extra careful since they are more apt to develop problems such as plantar fasciitis, ankle sprains, and neuromas. In order to avoid foot injuries, athletes should seek medical attention as soon as they feel pain, wear proper fitting shoes, and choose shoes with the correct amount of arch support. Custom orthotics can also help avoid putting too much stress on the foot or over pronation of the foot that results in the aforementioned injuries.  

The biomechanics are the moving parts that manage the movement of your feet. If you would like more information, see one of our podiatrists of Family Foot Care of Southern Maryland. Our doctors can assess and provide in-depth information as well as measure your personal foot biomechanics.  

A History of Biomechanics

- Biomechanics dates back to the BC era in Egypt where evidence of professional foot care has been recorded.
- In 1974 biomechanics gained a higher profile from the studies of Merton Root, who claimed that by changing or controlling the forces between the ankle and the foot, corrections or conditions could be implemented to gain strength and coordination to the area.

Modern technology improvements are based on past theories and therapeutic processes providing a better understanding of podiatry concepts for biomechanics. Computers provide accurate determinations about the forces, moments and patterns of the foot and lower legs with the most important information captured.

Advances in materials and more awareness of biomechanics have developed enhanced corrective methods, offering further options for foot-related injuries. Understanding foot biomechanics can help improve and eliminate pain, stopping further stress to the foot.

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices located in Maryland. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Biomechanics of Podiatry.  

crackedTo avoid contributing to early injury and damage kids specializing in a single sport should hold off until adolescence, research shows. Once kids reach 15 years of age, specializing can commence as it is at this age that boys usually only have three years left of growing and that girls are just about finishing their growth spurts. Dr. Liebeg of Akron Children’s Hospital comments, “During the growth spurts, the growth plates are at a higher risk for injury.” Sever’s disease is one of the most common growth plate injuries that can occur in growing kids. Physically active kids are especially prone to the disease, which manifests with the inflammation of the heel’s growth plate.

Growing children are prone to acquiring Sever’s disease. If your child is suffering from heel pain, see one of our three podiatrists at Family Foot Care of Southern Maryland. Our podiatrists will attend to all of your foot and ankle needs.

Sever’s Disease

Sever’s disease is also known as calcaneal apophysitis, which is a medical condition that causes heel pain I none or both feet. The disease is known to affect children between the ages of 8 and 14.

Sever’s disease occurs when part of the child’s heel known as the growth plate (calcaneal epiphysis) is attached to the Achilles tendon. This area can suffer injury when the muscles and tendons of the growing foot do not keep pace with bone growth. Therefore, the constant pain which one experiences at the back of the heel will make the child unable to put any weight on the heel. The child is then forced to walk on their toes.

Toe gait- develops in which the child must change the way they walk to avoid placing weight on the heel. This can lead to other problems as well in the future.

Symptoms

Acute pain – pain asscoiatied with Sever’s disease is usually felt in the heel when the child engages in physical activity such as walking, jumping and or running.

Highly active – children who are very active are among the most susceptible in experiencing Sever’s disease, because of the stress and tension placed on their feet.

For more information about Sever’s Disease, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, contact one of our offices in La Plata, Prince Frederick, Lexington Park, and Owing, MD. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Sever’s Disease

steven stylerMembers of the researcher faculty at the St. George’s University of London recently discovered that diabetes patients with the systemic disease peripheral neuropathy may be more likely to get heart disease than other diabetics. They arrived at this conclusion after detailed observation of around 13,000 type-2 diabetes patients who had never had any cardiopulmonary problems.

The researcher’s findings might be useful for doctors who are trying to determine the probability that a particular diabetes patient will get heart disease. “There is likely an unmet potential to reduce cardiovascular disease in this group of patients through greater monitoring and simple treatments," stated Robert Hinchliffe, Senior Lecturer and Consultant in Vascular Surgery.

Systemic diseases typically affect the whole body, but they can be particularly detrimental to the heels. If a systemic disease is causing you to experience lower extremity problems, see one of our podiatrists of Family Foot Care of Southern Maryland. Our doctors will analyze your need for treatment and provide you with a suitable form of medical care.

Systemic Diseases and the Feet

Systemic diseases affect the whole body, and symptoms usually are displayed in the feet. This condition can make a patient’s ability to walk unbearable. Systemic diseases include: gout, diabetes mellitus, neurological disorders, and arthritis.

Gout – is caused by an excess of uric acid in the body. Some common symptoms include pain, inflammation, and redness at the metatarsal/phalangeal joint of the base big toe. Gout can be treated by NSAIDs, which relieves pain and inflammation and other drugs which lowers the acid levels in the body.

Diabetes mellitus- is an increase in the level of blood sugar in which the body cannot counteract with the insulin in the body. When the body doesn’t produce enough insulin this is a factor in Diabetes.

Diabetes of the Feet
Diabetic Neuropathy – may lead to damaged nerves and affect the feet through numbness and loss of sensation.
Peripheral Vascular Disease- can restrict the blood flow to the feet, and often times lead to amputation of the feet. 

For more information about Systemic Diseases and the Feet, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices located in Maryland. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Systemic Diseases and the Feet

Wednesday, 17 December 2014 00:00

Gout Condition Can Be Aided by Cherries

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PovertyA study published in Arthritis and Rheumatology suggests that cherries can reduce flare-ups of gout.  Gout is a form of inflammatory arthritis caused by an overproduction and crystallization of uric acid, which produces episodes of severe pain and swelling in joints.  Anti-inflammatory drugs are generally proscribed to gout sufferers, but perhaps cherries and cherry extracts will one day provide a natural replacement or enhancement for current prescriptions.

The study monitored 633 patients throughout the course of a year,   tracking participants’ gout attacks and medications.  Researchers also created two-day control periods where subjects ingested either cherries or cherry extract.  They concluded that both cherries and their extracts yield a 35% reduced risk of having a gout attack within the next two days.

Gout attacks can be an exceedingly uncomfortable, and should not be left untreated. If you are struggling with pain caused by gout consult with one of our podiatrists of Family Foot Care of Southern Maryland. Our doctors can attend to all of your foot and ankle needs.

What is gout?

Diseases of the feet can affect the whole body, and symptoms usually arise within the feet. A condition like gout can make a patient’s ability to walk unbearable.  The pain caused by this disease is often so agonizing that it requires elevation of the feet and some time off for them to fully recover.

Known in the past as “the disease of kings,” Gout is caused by an excess of uric acid in the body. Some common symptoms include pain, inflammation, and redness at the metatarsal/phalangeal joint of the base big toe. This buildup of acid is typically seen on the big toe of the foot and can cause inflammation, redness and swelling. Although these are common symptoms of the diseases others include joint pain, extreme fatigue and a high fever. 

Gout can be treated by NSAIDs, which relieves pain and inflammation and other drugs which lowers the acid levels in the body.

For more information about gout, please follow the link below.

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices located in Maryland. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot ankle injuries.

Read more about Gout

Thursday, 11 December 2014 00:00

Cure Cracked Heels with Simple Remedies

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cracked Cracked feet often occur due to not only improper foot care, but cold weather, shoes that don’t fit well, or even standing for extended periods of time. If not properly treated, cracked heels can create discomfort and even bleeding. Fortunately cracked heels can be eased with the help of several simple remedies. As cracked feet are caused by dry skin, moisturizing is important. Castor oil and petroleum jelly are great moisturizers that are heavy and creamy enough to ease extremely cracked feet. Feet should also be properly dried every time they become wet before moisturizing. Drinking plenty of water will keep the body—and therefore the skin—properly hydrated, keeping skin from becoming dry. Ensure that the soaps you are using are mild soaps that are not harsh and over-dry the skin. Exfoliating the feet by gently scrubbing with a pumice stone can help remove dry skin.

Cracked heels can be prevented if one pays attention to the feet. For more information, speak to one of our three podiatrists at Family Foot Care of Southern Maryland. Our podiatrists will attend to all of your foot and ankle needs.

 
The Truth about Cracked Heels

Cracked Heels

Cracked heels are unappealing, and make it harder for you walk around in sandals. Not only may they look bad, but they can also tear stockings, socks, and wear out your shoes. There are several methods to help restore a cracked heel and prevent further damage.

How do you get them?

Dry skin is the number one culprit in creating cracked heels. Many athletes, walkers, joggers, and even swimmers suffer from cracked heels. Age and skin oil production play a role to getting cracked heels as well.

Promote Healing

Over the counter medicines can help, especially for those that need instant relief, or who suffer from chronic dry feet.

Wear Socks – wearing socks with medicated creams, helps lock in moisture so it can stay on longer.

Moisturizers – applying it both day and night will help alleviate dryness which causes cracking.

Pumice Stones – these remove dead skin, and then you can massage cream onto your foot. This way the cream will be absorbed. The skin needs to be exfoliated; therefore the outer layer dead skin needs removal.

For more information regarding cracked heels, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, contact one of our offices in La Plata, Prince Frederick, Lexington Park, and Owing, MD. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Cracked Heels

Friday, 05 December 2014 00:00

UK Academies Adopt Strickland Procedure

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Walking and Exercising Jenny Strickland, a physiologist at Greenwich University, is a leading voice on Osgood-Schlatters Disease research. Strickland founded the Strickland Protocol for treatment of Osgood-Schlatters and Sever’s Disease. The Strickland Protocol has been selected by major UK football academies as their treatment of choice for those contending with Osgood-Schlatters and Sever’s disease. According to PR Underground, these diseases have affected—and been treated—in four thousand young children globally.

Sever’s disease is common in children and young athletes. If your child has Severs Disease, contact one of our three podiatrists at Family Foot Care of Southern Maryland. Our podiatrists can diagnose provide treatment and healing for the feet.  

Sever’s Disease

Sever’s disease is also known as calcaneal apophysitis, which is a medical condition that causes heel pain I none or both feet. The disease is known to affect children between the ages of 8 and 14.

Sever’s disease occurs when part of the child’s heel known as the growth plate (calcaneal epiphysis) is attached to the Achilles tendon. This area can suffer injury when the muscles and tendons of the growing foot do not keep pace with bone growth. Therefore, the constant pain which one experiences at the back of the heel will make the child unable to put any weight on the heel. The child is then forced to walk on their toes.

Symptoms

Acute pain – pain associated with Sever’s disease is usually felt in the heel when the child engages in physical activity such as walking, jumping and or running.
Highly active – children who are very active are among the most susceptible in experiencing Sever’s disease, because of the stress and tension placed on their feet.
Improper pronation – the rolling of the foot during walking or running and obesity are all linked to causing Sever’s disease.

Treatments

Rest – the feet and legs needs rest. In order to speed up any kind of healing time, one should refrain from sports activity.
Medication- over the counter meds will help with inflammation and also reduce heel pain.

One can also purchase shoe inserts which will help support the heel and foot. Heel pain usually diminishes after wearing the supported heel inserts.  

If you have any questions, contact one of our offices in La Plata, Prince Frederick, Lexington Park, and Owing, MD. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Learn more about Sever’s Disease here.

goutNew Zealand’s University of Otago’s Prof. Lisa Stamp conducted research that focused on gout patients and their Vitamin C intake. The study found that Vitamin C did not lower urate levels to a ‘clinically satisfactory degree’. The test was conducted for eight weeks.

 “Though Vitamin C may reduce risk of developing gout, our data does not support using Vitamin C as a therapy to lower uric acid levels in patients with established gout,” Prof. Stamp said. While Vitamin C can still lower the risk of developing gout, it is not a method for treating or curing the disease.

Gout is a painful condition that necessitates proper care. If you believe you are suffering from gout, you should seek out the care of one of our three podiatrists at Family Foot Care of Southern Maryland. Our podiatrists diagnose your condition as well as provide you with treatment options that work for you.  

Systemic Diseases of the Foot

Systemic diseases affect the whole body, and symptoms usually are displayed in the feet. This condition can make a patient’s ability to walk unbearable.

Gout – is caused by an excess of uric acid in the body. Some common symptoms include pain, inflammation, and redness at the metatarsal/phalangeal joint of the base big toe. Gout can be treated by NSAIDs, which relieves pain and inflammation and other drugs which lowers the acid levels in the body.

Diabetes mellitus- is an increase in the level of blood sugar in which the body cannot counteract with the insulin in the body. When the body doesn’t produce enough insulin this is a factor in Diabetes.

Diabetes of the Feet
Diabetic Neuropathy – may lead to damaged nerves and affect the feet through numbness and loss of sensation.
Peripheral Vascular Disease- can restrict the blood flow to the feet, and often times lead to amputation of the feet. 

If you have any questions, contact one of our offices in La Plata, Prince Frederick, Lexington Park, and Owing, MD. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more on Systemic Diseases of the Foot

Walking and ExercisingUniversity of Calgary scientists want to build the perfect running shoe through studying the effects of comfort and its effect on the rates of injury. Even though the idea of the perfect running shoe has circulated for years, modern schools of thought claim that shoe design has no effect on the rate in which running injuries occur.

Advocates of the ‘comfort theory’ suggest that people should just go with the pair of running footwear that feels best for them. The scientific team still wants willing participants for their study, hoping to learn more through research.

For help with selecting an appropriate shoe size, consult with one of our three podiatrists at Family Foot Care of Southern Maryland. Our podiatrists can measure your feet to determine what your needs are and help you find an appropriate pair of footwear.

Getting the Right Shoe Size

Sometimes it may be difficult finding the right shoe size especially because shoe sizes tend to vary depending on the brand and company you are looking for. A size 6 for one brand may be a size 7 in another. Although many people know their exact shoe size, it can range within 2 sizes depending on where they shop.

So it is important not to always go for a size 7 just because you think you might be a size 7 universally. It is best to try on the shoe and walk around for a bit to see how it fits and how it feels. Comfort is essential and the fitting has to be well otherwise it can lead to blisters, bruises at the back of the ankle and it can also hurt your toes if the shoe is too tight for example.

People walk a lot, so it is important for you to find what is comfortable when it is possible.

For more information about Getting the Right Shoe Size, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, contact one of our offices in La Plata, Prince Frederick, Lexington Park, and Owing, MD. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Choosing the Right Running Shoes

Thursday, 13 November 2014 00:00

The Correct way to Trim an Ingrown Toenail

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 In a recent study physicists of the University of Nottingham in England took a closer look at the mechanical forces that act on fingernails and toenails—particularly the outward growth of the nail. Researchers have found that ingrown toenails form because of an imbalance in the forces acting on them from nail growth. Nails that grow too quickly tend to have a nail edge that becomes more curved, which in turn makes it more likely for the far edges of the nail to poke down into the skin beside the nail—creating an ingrown nail. To combat ingrown nails, cut nails into a parabolic or oval shape rather than straight across at the end of the nail. Using this method will cause the forces acting on the nail and nail bed to balance, preventing the growth of ingrown nails.


Ingrown toenails can become painful if they are left unattended. To learn more, consult with one of our three podiatrists at Family Foot Care of Southern Maryland. Our podiatrists will provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.


Ingrown Toenails Causes
Ingrown toenails occur when a toenail grows sideways into the bed of the nail, causing pain, swelling, and possibly infection.
There are a number of risk factors for ingrown toenails. Some include cutting your nails too short, participating in strenuous sports, diabetes, obesity, and fungal infection. Some are genetically predisposed to ingrown nails, although wearing ill-fitting or damp shoes can exacerbate the problem.


Treatment
There are a number of steps you can take to treat ingrown nails:
-Let your toenails grow out
-Soak the toes in hot water with antibiotic soap or Epsom salts
-Placing a piece of cotton under the affected nail may allow the toe to grow up instead of into the nail bed
-Rest with your feet up

 

If however, your pain is severe, or you see red streaks running up your leg, you should see a podiatrist. Your podiatrist may make a small incision and remove part of the toe nail to relieve the pressure. A local anesthetic may be used to lessen the discomfort of the operation.  Topical medication may also be prescribed to prevent the regrowth of the problem nail.


If you have any questions, contact one of our offices in La Plata, Prince Frederick, Lexington Park, and Owing, MD. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.


Read more about Ingrown Toenails