Bunions are, let’s face it, hereditary in nature. They are structural defects in bones that will likely require surgery as the most efficient solution. Those who have a family history with this condition are predisposed to developing it because of a mutation in the nucleotide base of their DNA, which makes up their genetic code. It is important to remember that there are other factors that can lead to bunions, such as improperly fitting shoes, as well as flat feet, weak muscles or lax ligaments. Other disorders like cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis or Down’s syndrome can also lead to this condition since they can weaken the joint and cause bone deformities.
Treatment for this condition involves:
- Using orthotics to provide ample support for the arch and decrease pressure placed on the toes.
- Using footwear that fit around the contours of your feet and have cushioned soles and large toe boxes.
- Using shoe inserts or padding to provide a soft area to the toes.
- Surgical procedures if the bunion development does not subside with conservative treatments. These procedures will realign the injured area of the bones, ligaments or nerves in an effort to correct the position of the toe inflicted with the bunion. Post-surgical recovery will include periods of inflammation and pain that will decrease as the toe heals.
Bunions are known to be a nuisance but it’s important to understand why they occur. Here at Family Foot Care of Southern Maryland, located in (Owings (410) 257-2242, Lexington Park (301) 863-6601, LaPlata (301) 934-3345 and Huntingtown (410) 535-1719), Maryland, our podiatrists Dr. Jeffrey Idol, DPM, Dr. Judith Olkaba, DPM, or Dr. Ruth P. Devadas, DPM, can help determine the cause of your bunions to see if genetics plays a role so that they can fine-tune your treatment. Please take the time to make an appointment by calling our office at any of the numbers provided to help your feet have the best chance of beating bunions.